Skip to main content

Songtsen Gampo - one of the greatest kings in Tibet

As the 33rd king of Tubo Kingdom in Tibet, Songtsen Gampo is considered to be a miracle man. He is regarded as an avatar of Avalokiteshvara for his contribution to Tibet. Legends continue to echo down the centuries for His impact on the connections between Tibet and central China.

Songtsen Gampo has had a talent for leadership when he was a child. At the age of 13, he succeeds the king after the death of his father. He founded a state called Tubo and moved the capital to RaSa (The former Tibet Lhasa city) after he suppressed the revolt in different parts of the region. Tibet began to unite together and finally became a powerful nation after Songtsen Gampo’s effort.

At the very begin of Tubo, there was no written language and people keep records by ropes. To settle the problem, Songtsen Gampo sent a delegation including the minister Thonmi Sambhota and 16 nobles to India to study writing system. Then they create a new language and translate Buddhist scriptures into this new language. This would be very important to the formation of Tibetan Buddhism.

Encouraged by the success of the Tang Dynasty, Songtsen Gampo dispatched a messenger to Chang'an and seek a marriage alliance with the Tang Dynasty. In 641,
Emperor Tang Taizong agreed to this request and sent Princess Wencheng to marry Songtsen Gampo. Lots of technologies such as farm tools manufacturing, textiles,
construction, paper making was taken to Tubo by Princess Wencheng. It made a huge progress to the social development of Tubo.

Songtsen Gampo died in 650 when he was only 34. There have been widely differing versions about his death. Someone thought Songtsen Gampo died from illness while the others thought he had been assassinated by a follower of Bon. A statue of him was placed beside Zhaoling Mausoleum which is the Mausoleum of the Emperor Tang Taizong. This is a way to memorialize his contribution to the friendship between Tang Dynasty and Tubo.

Songtsen Gampo is considered to be the greatest king in the history of Tibet. His name will be forever remembered and eternally immortal. He unified Tubo dynasty and promote the growth of politics, economy, and culture in Tibet. He built friendly relations between Tubo and Tang Dynasty and promoted the communication and development of culture between Chinese and Tibetan.

Today, Songtsen Gampo enjoy the same status to those of Tsongkhapa and Guru Rinpoche in many Tibetan temples. He is adored by most of Tibetans. Usually, you can find a smaller head placed over his head in the statue to Songtsen Gampo, this is a symbol of wisdom for him.

>>find more about Tibet Lhasa tour

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Lhasa Airport

With the improvement of people's living standard, more and more travelers choose to take a flight to Tibet. At present, there are five airports built in the boundless Tibetan Autonomous Region, including Lhasa Airport, Nyingchi Mainling Airport, Chamdo Bangda Airport, Shigatse Peach Airport, and Ngari Gunsa Airport. Among the five airports in Tibet, Lhasa Airport in Gonggar county is the most popular airport in Tibet.

Brief Introduction of Lhasa Airport

Lhasa Airport is also known as Lhasa Gonggar Airport, Gonggar Airport, Lhasa Gonggar International Airport, or Lhasa Gonggar Airport. Situated in the high Himalaya mountains, Lhasa Airport was built in 1994. The distance from Lhasa Airport to Lhasa city is about 63.8 kilometers. It takes travelers about 1h 39m to drive from Lhasa Airport to Lhasa city. Crowned as the highest airport in the world, Lhasa Airport is located in the Gonggar County, Shannan Prefecture, Tibet.
With an area of 25000 square meters, Lhasa Airport transfers n…

How to Plan A Tibet Tour

Are you expecting a journey to Tibet? Do you know how to plan a wonderful Tibet tour? After searching a great number of documents online, here I’d like to share a complete Tibet tour guide for you.

From the ancient time to the resent, Tibet is a hot tourist destination for travelers from home and abroad. Abounding with rich natural resources and majestic scenic spots, Tibet enjoys a high reputation in the world. Every year, a large number of international tourists head to Tibet for the purpose of exploring the mysterious Tibetan Buddhism, splendid snow-capped mountains, crystal-like lakes, and splendid temples and monasteries. There are some tips about Tibetan culture and tour, which may help you arrange an unforgettable trip in Tibet.

Some Major Festivals in Tibet

Tibetan New Year is the most vital festival in Tibet. The date of Tibetan New Year is stipulated based on traditional Tibetan lunar calendar. During this festival, Tibetans will visit friends and relatives and enjoy some de…

Lhasa Tour Proposals

Boated as the purest place in the world, Tibet has become an ultimate tourist destination for travelers who are interested in mysterious Tibetan Buddhism, crystal-like lakes, and snow-capped mountains. Lhasa is the center of Tibet which is the primary place for travelers who want to have a Tibet tour. Here, I’d like to share some proposals about Tibet tour with you.

Basic Information about Lhasa

Located in the south of Tibet, Lhasa is the center of Tibet with an area of 30,000 square kilometers. There are about 400,000 Tibetans living in this city. And the Galsang flower is regarded as the city flower. Lhasa is divided into two municipal districts including Chengguan, Tuilong Deqing, and six counties including Linzhou, Dangxiong, Nimu, Qushui, Dazi, Mozhu Gongka.

Lhasa Climate

Generally speaking, the climate in Lhasa is better than other places in Lhasa, especially in winter. The temperature is high in the daytime, even it is warmer than other places in the north of China. However, it …